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WHAT IS A MANAGEMENT BUY-OUT (MBO)?
A management buyout (MBO) is a transaction where a company’s management team purchases the assets and operations of the business they manage. A management buyout is appealing to professional managers because of the greater potential rewards and control from being owners of the business rather than employees.
A management buyout (MBO) is a transaction where a company’s management team purchases the assets and operations of the business they manage.
The main reason for a management buyout (MBO) is so that a company can go private in an effort to streamline operations and improve profitability.
In a management buyout (MBO), a management team pools resources to acquire all or part of a business they manage. Funding usually comes from a mix of personal resources, private equity financiers, and seller-financing.
A management buyout (MBO) stands in contrast to a management buy-in, where an external management team acquires a company and replaces the existing management.
How a Management Buyout (MBO) Works
Management buyouts (MBOs) are favored exit strategies for large corporations that wish to pursue the sale of divisions that are not part of their core business, or by private businesses where the owners wish to retire. The financing required for an MBO is often quite substantial and is usually a combination of debt and equity that is derived from the buyers, financiers, and sometimes the seller.
While management gets to reap the rewards of ownership following an MBO, they have to make the transition from being employees to owners, which comes with significantly more responsibility and a greater potential for loss.
One prime example of a management buyout is when Michael Dell, the founder of Dell, the computer company, paid $25 billion in 2013 as part of a management buyout (MBO) of the company he originally founded, taking it private, so he could exert more control over the direction of the company.
Management Buyout (MBO) vs. Management Buy-In (MBI)
A management buyout (MBO) is different from a management buy-in (MBI), in which an external management team acquires a company and replaces the existing management team. It also differs from a leveraged management buyout (LMBO), where the buyers use the company assets as collateral to obtain debt financing. The advantage of an MBO over an LMBO is that the company’s debt load may be lower, giving it more financial flexibility.
An MBO’s advantage over an MBI is that as the existing managers are acquiring the business, they have a much better understanding of it and there is no learning curve involved, which would be the case if it were being run by a new set of managers. Management buyouts (MBOs) are conducted by management teams that want to get the financial reward for the future development of the company more directly than they would do only as employees.
Advantages and Disadvantages of a Management Buyout (MBO)
Management buyouts (MBOs) are viewed as good investment opportunities by hedge funds and large financiers, who usually encourage the company to go private so that it can streamline operations and improve profitability away from the public eye, and then go public at a much higher valuation down the road.
In the case the management buyout (MBO) is supported by a private equity fund, the fund will, given that there is a dedicated management team in place, likely pay an attractive price for the asset. While private equity funds may also participate in MBOs, their preference may be for MBIs, where the companies are run by managers they know rather than the incumbent management team.
However, there are several drawbacks to the MBO structure as well. While the management team can reap the rewards of ownership, they have to make the transition from being employees to owners, which requires a change in mindset from managerial to entrepreneurial. Not all managers may be successful in making this transition.
Also, the seller may not realize the best price for the asset sale in an MBO. If the existing management team is a serious bidder for the assets or operations being divested, the managers have a potential conflict of interest. That is, they could downplay or deliberately sabotage the future prospects of the assets that are for sale to buy them at a relatively low price.